4 years after earthquake, Bohol seeing a cultural renaissance | Lifestyle.INQ

OCTOBER 27, 2022

A dance drama depicting local heroine Wadji


Ruins of 260-year-old Church of Our Lady of Light —DEXTER R. MATILLA

It has been four years since Bohol was hit by a 7.2-magnitude earthquake—the strongest in the Philippines in 23 years.
The disaster has changed not only the landscape of the small beautiful province but also the lives of 1.3 million Boholanos residing there or based in nearby Cebu and other parts of the Visayas and Mindanao.

What didn’t change, however, was the faith and resilience of the Boholanos. Gone may be their foremost pride—their centuries-old churches—and their personal properties, but the disaster didn’t dampen their spirit. Whatever sense of loss and grief they felt they banished, quickly rallying and coming forth stronger.

Right after the Oct. 15, 2013 earthquake, the cultural sector led by Kasing Sining and Process Bohol looked for a developmental campaign that would help restore, rebuild and revitalize local communities by harnessing their cultural assets.

Thus, Bol-anong Kabilin Atong Gibahandi (Boholano Heritage We Treasure), or Bokag, was born. “Bokag” also refers to the native basket, which reflects the Boholano values of strength, creativity and craftsmanship.

Award-winning music director and Bohol culture maven Lutgardo “Gardy” Labad says Bokag aims to equip artists, cultural workers and community crafts and heritage practitioners in Loon, Maribojoc, Cortes, Antequera, Balilihan, Baclayon and Tagbilaran City the appropriate knowledge and skills, so they can identify their local heritage assets, develop innovative creative products and services, and generate sustainable livelihood initiatives to enhance their quality of life.


While there have been several cultural projects in the past, these have fallen short of becoming truly sustainable, observes Labad.

Residents of Busao in Maribojoc give thanks to San Isidro Labrador, patron saint of farmers, by dancing the “basaw.” —PHOTOS BY DEXTER R. MATILLA

“Despite the logistical support of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), foreign agencies and local government units, most of the projects were not sustained by the local communities,” says Labad.

“Many of these initiatives have also been at the mercy of cycles of political administrations, especially if cultural programs are way below their priorities or are not their priorities at all.”

Bokag should change that. As a taste of what is yet to come, the Inquirer was invited to Bohol to experience what the program had to offer to both locals and tourists.

In Balilihan, we watched a play depicting the town’s history. Through “Balay sa Iring,” audiences empathized with the people and shared their grief at the destruction of the town by the American invaders in the 1900s. After the show, audiences partook of refreshment and local delicacies at Hardin sa Balilihan.

Antequera residents show off their handwoven products and crafts.

Tagbilaran has the Balili Ancestral Home, where guests can be part of a tertulia (traditional informal social gathering from the Spanish era) of kundiman, balitaw and other favorite harana songs.

Foreign exchange student gets to experience one of the many wellness offerings

In Loon lie the ruins of the 260-year-old Church of Our Lady of Light, which was destroyed by the earthquake. Bokag conducts a coastal heritage journey through a 212-step stairway that leads to a local theater where poetry, arts and the dancing of kuradang await tourists.

Floating market

Cortes has a floating market where tourists can meet the fisherfolk and nipa gatherers of Abatan River. A youth theater stages the dance drama about Bohol heroine Wadji and her battle with bandits.

Tourists may take a dip at Antequera’s cool waters in Inambacan Cave. They can enjoy massage and natural healing by Tamblot, a babaylan.

A “balitaw” (or a dialogue sang by a man and a woman) is performed inside the Balili

Tourists who are curious about the rice-production process may want to watch an actual demo in Maribojoc—from planting to harvesting, drying, pounding and winnowing. They can join the locals in giving thanks to San Isidro Labrador, patron saint of farmers, in a basaw thanksgiving dance.

Lutgardo “Gardy” Labad

The day can end in Baclayon with a visit to a well-preserved karaang balay (ancestral house) and admiring artifacts of an era gone by.

Visitors may take part in a traditional market that ends in a visual and culinary feast at the baluarte.

“Bokag is a program we have been waiting for in our province of Bohol,” says Labad. “We were inspired by three conceptual development models, which are social entrepreneurship, assets-based community development and sustainable integrated area development.”

A dance drama depicting local heroine Wadji

Should Bokag prove successful in Bohol, says Labad, people are hopeful the program would usher in a cultural renaissance not just in the province but in the entire country as well.

Bokag is a collaboration between NCCA, Process Bohol, Kasing Sining, Gov. Edgar Chatto and the Bohol provincial government and the seven municipalities with their mayors. —CONTRIBUTED

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