Quantcast
Latest Stories

Pope signals liturgical break with Benedict

By

PURE AND SIMPLE Pope Francis, admired for his humility, urges the faithful to lead a simple lifestyle in the first Mass he celebrated as leader of the Catholic Church. AFP

ROME—In his first public Mass as the new head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis signaled a striking liturgical difference with Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI by facing the people, not turning his back, which the retired Pontiff had done in a controversial attempt to bring back the Latin Mass banished by Vatican II.

In his inaugural Mass with the 114 cardinals who elected him in a conclave on Wednesday, Pope Francis, formerly Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina, also used a small minimalist crucifix, contrary to the usual practice of the former papacy where huge baroque crucifixes were used.

Although hardly noticed by those who attended the Mass, the differences were striking and dramatic for those in the know.

Benedict, even when he was Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the doctrinal watchdog of Pope John Paul II, opposed the popular liturgical reforms of   Vatican II, calling them excessive and a misreading of Sacrosanctum Concilium, the first document to come out of the council in 1963, better known by its descriptive title, Constitution on Liturgy.

The liturgical charter called for the people’s active participation in the Mass as well as the translation  of the Roman rite into the vernacular. Pope Paul VI, who implemented the council’s reforms, later banned the  Tridentine or Latin Mass, the Mass that was approved by the Council of Trent in the 16th century, the council that reformed the Church against the Protestant threat.

As a result of the reforms and in order to better popularize the Mass, the priest was made to face the congregation, not the altar, as had been the practice for hundreds of years. The reforms also led to the cultural adaptation of the Mass, including the incorporation of pop and rock songs in some local liturgies.

‘Eucharistic import’

But Ratzinger said the innovations were a misreading of the Constitution on Liturgy. He said the priest in the old Latin rite was facing the altar because as priest, he was leading with the people the memorial of the sacrifice of the Mass. He added that for the priest to face the people would be tantamount to making the Mass a congregation or, worse, a concert, which misses the “Eucharistic import” of the liturgy.

In theological language, Pope Benedict XVI in all of his Sistine Chapel Masses, amid the dramatic frescoes of Michelangelo depicting the history of salvation, faced the altar ad orientam or “toward the East,” to denote the sacrifice of the Mass and the promise of resurrection, hence the east where the sun rises every morning.

For the priest to do the Mass ad populum, or “toward the people,” would be to lessen the import of the Mass as the sacrifice of Christ, Benedict said.

Benedict likewise used huge crucifixes in his Masses to emphasize the “christological dimension” of the Mass as the sacrifice of God the Son to redeem mankind from sin.

‘Apostasy’

Benedict also opposed the cultural adaptation of the Latin rite and the banishment of the Latin Mass. He called some culturally adapted liturgies, such as the incorporation of popular songs in the Mass, “a form of apostasy.”

He said vernacular translations of the Mass should  hew as closely as possible to the Latin original. As a result, Benedict ordered the English translation changed.

“Et cum spiritu tuo,” the Latin response to the greeting of the priest, “Dominus vobiscum (The Lord be with you),” which had been translated in the immediate aftermath of Vatican II as “And also with you,” is rendered now as “And with your spirit.”

The use of the vernacular and the adaptation of popular cultural forms in the Mass has been criticized by traditionalists, who complain that they cannot recognize anymore the old beauty of the Latin Mass from its hybrid, innovated forms.

Roman Missal

But respecting his predecessors while sticking to his guns regarding the “organic development” of the liturgy, Pope Benedict XVI issued Summorum Pontificum in 2007, upholding the Roman Missal as vernacularized in various forms and promulgated by Pope Paul VI, as the “ordinary expression” of the law of prayer of the Church.

But the same decree also ruled that the Roman Missal promulgated by St.  Pius V after the Council of Trent and reissued by Blessed John XXII in the 1960s is the “extraordinary expression” of the same law of prayer and should be given the proper honor.

In plain language, while Popes since Paul VI banished the Latin Mass and allowed its celebration only if it had clearance from the local bishop, Benedict resurrected it and allowed its celebration even without permission from the bishops.

Despite the striking difference in the Sistine Mass of the new Pope from the ones celebrated by his predecessor, in the same venue, Thursday’s Mass still reserved kneelers at the altar, indicating that Pope Francis may yet follow the example of Benedict in offering the Mass ad orientam.

Witness to Christ

In addition, Francis echoed Benedict’s frequent call for the Church to go back to its roots.

He urged the cardinals to shun modern temptations and stick to the basics of the faith.

Like Benedict, Francis said the Church should be witness to Christ despite the challenges and the criticisms leveled against it by the modern world.

“If we do not confess to Christ, what would we be? We would end up a pitiful NGO. What would happen would be like when children make sand castles. And then it all falls down,” Francis said.

The new Pope said the faithful must walk the way of the cross.

“We can walk all we want, we can build many things, but if we do not proclaim Jesus Christ, the thing is not going to work,” he said.


Follow Us


Follow us on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter


Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Tags: Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio , Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger , faith , Liturgy , Pope , Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI , Pope Francis , Relationships , Religion , Roman Catholic Church , world history

  • UrHONOR

    >>>Pope signals liturgical break with Benedict<<<

    GOOD START! Face the people. Break the eggs Bendict! Lose the GLITTERING PAGEANTRY and UNNECESSARY BEDECKED AND OSTENTATIOUS VESTMENTS that divide and alienate the HAVES and the HAVE-NOTS in the community. Gone are the days of elaborate and dazzling garments signifying authority and power. Wala na ngayon nyan….ang mahalaga ay kung ano ang ma-ilalagay sa tiyan! Kung walang laman ang tiyan, mahirap ang KAHIT NA ANO mapunan.

  • Maybe_this

    Did the reporter write this news article himself? Because it seems to me that much of what’s here is something I read in another article by a foreign news agency. Quotes? Source?

  • http://www.facebook.com/paolo.cobs Paolo Miguel Cobs

    FIY: Pope Paul VI did not “banish” the Traditional Latin Mass. Benedict XVI said so in Summorum Pontificum.

    “It is, therefore, permissible to celebrate the Sacrifice of the Mass following the typical edition of the Roman Missal promulgated by Bl. John XXIII in 1962 and never abrogated, as an extraordinary form of the Liturgy of the Church.” -Summorum Pontificum, Art. 1

  • Michelle Egan

    This reporter obviously hasn’t got a clue about Catholicism, it is filled with factual and theological errors.



Copyright © 2014, .
To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.
Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:
c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94
Advertisement
  1. How to enjoy Buntod
  2. World bids Gabriel Garcia Marquez ‘Adios’
  3. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  4. ‘Wild West’ Masbate’s pristine marine gems
  5. Kim Atienza: At home with art and design
  6. How Margie Moran-Floirendo keeps her dancer’s body
  7. Life lessons I want to teach my son
  8. Garcia Marquez left unpublished manuscript
  9. Historic Fort Bonifacio tunnel converted into a septic tank
  10. Wanted: Beauty queen with a heart that beats for the environment
  1. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  2. Are your favorite malls open this Holy Week break?
  3. Historic Fort Bonifacio tunnel converted into a septic tank
  4. ‘Labahita a la bacalao’
  5. Miss America: Don’t suspend teen over prom invite
  6. How Margie Moran-Floirendo keeps her dancer’s body
  7. This is not just a farm
  8. President Quezon was born here–and so was Philippine surfing
  9. Levine designs womenswear with help from fiancee
  10. Clams and garlic, softshell crab risotto–not your usual seafood fare for Holy Week
  1. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  2. Mary Jean Lastimosa is new Miss Universe Philippines
  3. Did Angara ruin Pia Wurtzbach’s chances at Bb. Pilipinas?
  4. Dominique–Gretchen and Tonyboy Cojuangco’s daughter–now an endorser
  5. Vinegar test helpful vs cervical cancer
  6. From Jeannie to mom of suicide victim
  7. San Vicente beaches hidden but not for long
  8. Borgy and Georgina are back; others are off–again
  9. Why is the lifestyle set now afraid to wear jewelry–before Kim Henares?
  10. Sen. Angara: I thought Pia Wurtzbach gave a good answer

News

  • What Went Before: Malacañang allies alleged involvement in pork scam
  • Timeline: Napoles tell-all
  • 12 senators on Napoles ‘pork’ list, says Lacson
  • Napoles surgery in Makati hospital successful
  • Save the queen? Aide takes fall for Enrile, Gigi Reyes
  • Sports

  • Mixers trim Aces; Painters repulse Bolts
  • Donaire junks Garcia as coach, taps father
  • ’Bye Ginebra: No heavy heart this time
  • UAAP board tackles new rules
  • Baguio climb to decide Le Tour de Filipinas
  • Lifestyle

  • The best flavors of summer in one bite, and more
  • Homemade yogurt, bread blended with pizza, even ramen
  • Visiting chefs from Denmark get creative with ‘ube,’ ‘ buko,’ ‘calamansi,’ mangoes
  • Salted baked potatoes
  • A first in a mall: Authentic Greek yogurt–made fresh in front of diners
  • Entertainment

  • Return of ‘Ibong Adarna’
  • Practical Phytos plans his future
  • In love … with acting
  • From prison to the peak of success
  • ‘Asedillo’ location thrives
  • Business

  • This time, BIR goes after florists
  • Philippine Airlines to stop shipment of shark fins
  • PH banks not ready for Asean integration
  • Stocks down on profit-taking
  • Banks allowed to use ‘cloud’
  • Technology

  • ‘Unlimited’ Internet promos not really limitless; lawmakers call for probe
  • Viber releases new design for iPhone, comes to Blackberry 10 for the first time
  • Engineers create a world of difference
  • Bam Aquino becomes Master Splinter’s son after Wiki hack
  • Mark Caguioa lambasts Ginebra teammates on Twitter
  • Opinion

  • Editorial cartoon, April 24, 2014
  • Talking to Janet
  • Respite
  • Bucket list
  • JPII in 1981: walking a tightrope
  • Global Nation

  • PH seeks ‘clearer assurance’ from US
  • China and rivals sign naval pact to ease maritime tensions
  • What Went Before: Manila bus hostage crisis
  • Obama arrives in Tokyo, first stop of 4-nation tour
  • Believe it or not: Filipinos love US more than Yanks
    Marketplace