Quantcast
Latest Stories

Art-industry denizens on rise of forgeries: ‘Buyers, beware!’

By

NATIONAL Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao

In the Lifestyle Sunday interview by Elizabeth Lolarga, “Why Is Art Forgery on the Rise Again?” (Dec. 9), Ramon “Richie” Lerma of Salcedo Auctions and  Ateneo Art Gallery attributed the rise in art forgery to new collectors entering the scene and being introduced by “unsuspecting friends to fly-by-night art dealers or substandard galleries without knowing any better.”

He warned against spurious authentication certificates and called on collectors to consult the artists themselves or, if the artist is dead, to seek expert opinion.

Here are some reactions to that interview.

“I remember, during the ’60s, there were small paintings in Mabini being passed off as my works. I discovered this by chance. I learned that some Mabini artists copied my paintings from a book on Philippine art and sold them to foreigners who frequented that area in Manila. They believed it was okay to fake my paintings because, anyway, these were just being offered as ‘souvenirs’ to foreigners.  Pinagsabihan ko sila, at sinabi ko na kakasuhan ko sila ’pag hindi sila tumigil.  We should be aware of our rights as artists.

“I believe it is very important for artists, while they’re still alive, to authenticate their own works and properly document them. I would advise new collectors to go to reputable art galleries and well-known, expert art collectors and source their opinions about the works they would like to acquire.”—Abdulmari Asia Imao, National Artist for the Visual Arts

Auction houses victimized

“When I was president of the Art Association of the Philippines from 1991 to 2000, my board and I were vigilant in protecting the intellectual-property rights of artists. We were able to expose through media cases of fakes and forgeries—of a painting of Alfredo Carmelo and of sculptures of National Artist Napoleon Abueva, among others.

“So I totally agree with Richie that buyers should beware, especially when buying works of dead masters from reputable auction houses, since even they (like Christie’s) have been victimized, offering fake Amorsolos and Manansalas, for example. Fortunately they were pulled out in time before the auction.”—Ramon Orlina, sculptor

Uphold intellectual property law

“The bottom line is for the art community to unite because this is a disease that will destroy the momentum of whatever progress we are gaining in art, locally and internationally.

Another important move is to institutionalize the copyright law. Transparency in dealings regarding the artwork can be a deterrent to forgery. Respecting the copyright law is a process by which seller and buyer will always go back to the source (the artist). In this case, the provenance is established and verified.—Renato Habulan, painter and teacher

Self-serving

“I find it hard to comment on an interview that is very informative (he obviously knows what he’s talking about), but seemingly self-serving.

“Buyer beware” is an old and timeless concept. His thoughts on how artworks, particularly by the masters, are forged and foisted on unsuspecting buyers are very useful, and collectors will be wise to take heed. That there are unscrupulous dealers and galleries is also true, as it is for practically all fields.

“But phrases like ‘There is no level playing field when it comes to matters of taste,’ and repeatedly implying the need for ‘expert’ validation of what is and what is not art, are elitist, somewhat presumptuous, and ultimately unprovable.”—lawyer  Gigo Alampay, executive director of the Center for Art, New Ventures and Sustainable Development (Canvas)

Stricter laws needed

“The high prices of genuine art have prompted a host of unscrupulous dealers to peddle fakes and forgeries to make a quick buck. I mean, with most of the prices of works by the masters running in the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of pesos, these malicious art vendors find art forgery worth the risk. After all, their best-case scenario is making millions from a fake painting which no one will ever discover as a fake; and the worse case, should the item they sold be proven to be fake (which, by the way, is quite hard to do especially when the artist has passed away) is that they will just have to say sorry and return the client’s money. No one is penalized with a fine, much less sent to jail. I really believe we should have stricter laws regarding this crime.

“On the other hand, many customers have fallen victim to these ‘inventive’ dealers due to their ignorance or misguided notion of what the real thing looks like. They are either impressed by certificates of authenticity (which are easily forged too and sometimes issued wantonly by certain so called experts in the field) or lured by the relatively “bargain” selling price of an artwork.

“My advice: Avoid art dealers without any gallery affiliation. Buy only from reputable galleries such as Finale, West, Blanc, Duemila, Paseo, Crucible and the like. Do not succumb to the temptation of buying a supposedly genuine artwork for less. Verify the provenance and certificate of each artwork before you buy. Do your research in Philippine art by reading books, visiting museums and galleries and attending lectures and art fairs. Lastly, seek the advice of honest experts, not those with vested interests.”—Jonathan Sy, owner of Galllery Big, one of the founders of Manilart: Contemporary Art Fair

Underground economy ruining art scene

I basically agree with Richie’s statements. I would like to add the other reasons art forgery remains unchecked.

1. Those who purvey forgeries intentionally are not being punished.

2. Those who were duped into buying inauthentic artworks would rather suffer in silence rather than expose their ignorance. For as long as the equivalent of what they paid is restored, they will refuse to be bothered with going after the culprit; they will just rather forget about their loss than rock the boat.

3. There is a proliferation of private dealers who are clueless and become unwitting instruments in purveying fake works. Underground economy is rampant in the art scene.

4. When the fake artwork is unmasked it is not traced back to the manufacturer and the mastermind. It is just quietly returned. Then as quietly, the fake artwork finds its way in the market again later.

5. For as long as there are buyers who would rather buy from fly-by-night dealers because they offer cheaper rates than from established galleries of good reputation, there would always be a good market for forgeries.—Norma Liongoren, Liongoren Gallery


Follow Us


Follow us on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter


Recent Stories:

Complete stories on our Digital Edition newsstand for tablets, netbooks and mobile phones; 14-issue free trial. About to step out? Get breaking alerts on your mobile.phone. Text ON INQ BREAKING to 4467, for Globe, Smart and Sun subscribers in the Philippines.

Tags: Art , art forgery , Lifestyle



Copyright © 2014, .
To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.
Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:
c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94
Advertisement
  1. How to enjoy Buntod
  2. Kim Atienza: At home with art and design
  3. Life lessons I want to teach my son
  4. No tourist draw, Malang the croc will remain wild
  5. ‘Wild West’ Masbate’s pristine marine gems
  6. The best flavors of summer in one bite, and more
  7. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  8. Homemade yogurt, bread blended with pizza, even ramen
  9. What has happened to Barrio Fiesta and Singing Cooks & Waiters?
  10. Haneda International Airport: A destination on its own
  1. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  2. Are your favorite malls open this Holy Week break?
  3. Historic Fort Bonifacio tunnel converted into a septic tank
  4. ‘Labahita a la bacalao’
  5. Miss America: Don’t suspend teen over prom invite
  6. How Margie Moran-Floirendo keeps her dancer’s body
  7. This is not just a farm
  8. President Quezon was born here–and so was Philippine surfing
  9. Levine designs womenswear with help from fiancee
  10. Clams and garlic, softshell crab risotto–not your usual seafood fare for Holy Week
  1. How Zsa Zsa Padilla found Conrad Onglao; Sharon Cuneta played Cupid
  2. Mary Jean Lastimosa is new Miss Universe Philippines
  3. Did Angara ruin Pia Wurtzbach’s chances at Bb. Pilipinas?
  4. Dominique–Gretchen and Tonyboy Cojuangco’s daughter–now an endorser
  5. Vinegar test helpful vs cervical cancer
  6. From Jeannie to mom of suicide victim
  7. San Vicente beaches hidden but not for long
  8. Borgy and Georgina are back; others are off–again
  9. Why is the lifestyle set now afraid to wear jewelry–before Kim Henares?
  10. Sen. Angara: I thought Pia Wurtzbach gave a good answer

News

  • Santiago: Enrile, Lacson, Reyes plotting massive psywar operation
  • Poe, Cayetano to colleagues: Shun formalities, let’s hear Napoles’ tell-all ASAP
  • Name names, Lacson dared
  • 4.6-magnitude quake hits Surigao del Norte
  • Camilla’s brother dies of NYC head injury
  • Sports

  • Promoters Dela Hoya, Arum in talks for Pacquiao-Alvarez—report
  • Benzema guides Madrid to 1-0 win over Bayern
  • Suns’ Goran Dragic win NBA’s Most Improved Player award
  • Heat go up 2-0, hold off Bobcats 101-97
  • Ronaldo shakes off injury fears to play Bayern
  • Lifestyle

  • This woman ate what?
  • Photos explore dynamics of youths’ sexual identity
  • 12th Philippine Food Expo set at the World Trade Center
  • No tourist draw, Malang the croc will remain wild
  • The best flavors of summer in one bite, and more
  • Entertainment

  • What Garcia Marquez left behind
  • Has Ai Ai fallen deeply with ‘sireno?’
  • Sony developing live-action Barbie comedy
  • California court won’t review Jackson doctor case
  • Return of ‘Ibong Adarna’
  • Business

  • Facebook profits triple as mobile soars
  • Insular Honors Sales Performers at Testimonial Rites
  • Apple increases stock buyback, will split stock
  • Cost-recovery provisions for affected gencos urged
  • This time, BIR goes after florists
  • Technology

  • Enrile in Masters of the Universe, Lord of the Rings?
  • Top Traits of Digital Marketers
  • No truth to viral no-visa ‘chronicles’
  • ‘Unlimited’ Internet promos not really limitless; lawmakers call for probe
  • Viber releases new design for iPhone, comes to Blackberry 10 for the first time
  • Opinion

  • Editorial cartoon, April 24, 2014
  • Talking to Janet
  • Respite
  • Bucket list
  • JPII in 1981: walking a tightrope
  • Global Nation

  • No travel restriction to Mideast, DFA clarifies
  • PH-HK relations repaired, but families of victims still being courted
  • Filipinos in Middle East urged to get clearance before returning
  • PH seeks ‘clearer assurance’ from US
  • China and rivals sign naval pact to ease maritime tensions
    Marketplace