Pride of Place

The future of Intramuros will be built on its past


DIFFERENT realities meet uneasily on many Intramuros streets.

Intramuros is stepping out of its past these days and planning for its future.  Its plan for the future, however, hinges on the realization that its future is solidly tied with its past.

Without its past, Intramuros would have no identity.

Filipinos regard Manila’s Walled City as the soul of the nation, but today Intramuros has become a place of memory that is not visited by the majority of Filipinos, nor is it a part of everyday Manila life.

It is an island of heritage in the midst of congested Manila.

Built on the 16th-century palisades of Raja Sulayman’s fort at the mouth of Pasig River, it was the country’s political, religious, economic and social nerve center during the Spanish colonial era.

Although left untouched in recognition of its heritage qualities by the 1905 Daniel Burnham Plan for Manila, which was commissioned in the early days of the American colonial government, Intramuros did not survive World War II.

Bombs practically wiped out Intramuros during the American reconquest of Manila in the last days of World War II.  Families chose not to return to Intramuros after the war, leaving ruined structures and empty properties that soon were occupied by informal settlers.  Reconstruction never happened.

FOR THE first time, informal settlers participate together with Intramuros Administration and GK to repair sidewalks.

A walk through Intramuros today is a study in contrasts:  of sensitively restored fortifications and the World Heritage San Agustin Church; of reconstructed Spanish-era bahay-na-bato standing in brute contrast next to blocks of informal-settler dwellings, a sight that dashes romantic notions of reviving bygone colonial Intramuros gentility.


Obstacle to reconstruction

A sizeable daytime population composed of office workers and students abandon the 64-ha Walled City every night, leaving the premises to a handful of permanent residents.

Informal settlers are the majority of the Intramuros population, in actuality, the de facto resident population of the heritage quarter.

Intramuros Administration (IA) has been leading the reconstruction of the historic quarter with limited success, hampered by informal settlers congesting choice properties.

Since the 1970s, IA saw the informal settlers as an obstacle to reconstruction, but relocation efforts were unsuccessful.

In 2011, IA organized a team of experts to update a 1995 Development Plan.

The team focused on reviving Intramuros by attracting businesses and residents to relocate in the historic district; and to embark on an ambitious awareness program that makes all Filipinos aware of the special heritage of Intramuros.

Measures that establish Intramuros as a prime cultural-heritage tourism destination through a program of activities and events were formulated, which included intensive programs to revive and restore its cultural heritage.


Solution to area’s problem

INFORMAL settlers remaining in Intramuros will be housed in multilevel
GK units built in the Intramuros style whose ground floor will be open for community activities.

To link government with the private sector, public-private partnership projects are seen to redevelop Intramuros as the prime historic quarter of the Philippines.

Most revolutionary is the team’s turning what is perceived as the area’s main problem, the informal settlers, into the solution for making Intramuros live again.

Intramuros Administration partnered with Gawad Kalinga, challenging them to develop Kalinga Intramuros, a heritage-based resettlement program, that at last integrates the informal-settler population with Intramuros.

Over a three-year period, around 3,400 families will be relocated to a privately donated resettlement site in Cavite.

To maintain connection with their place of livelihood or study, a hostel will be provided in Intramuros for weekday accommodation, and free shuttle service will take settlers to the Cavite resettlement area on weekends.

Heritage-based income-generating opportunities will produce products to be sold in a Kalinga-Intramuros shop which is already in operation at Plaza San Luis.

Informal settlers remaining in Intramuros will be housed in GK units within a multilevel Intramuros-style structure that will have residential units and a hostel on the upper levels.

On the ground level will be a community area, offices, and meeting rooms for the community; a daycare center and clinic; and rental spaces where community members can set up cooperatives and other businesses.

Kalinga Intramuros is probably the only program of its kind in the world that preserves heritage through integrating the informal-settler community to participate in and profit from conservation activities, a program that certainly will develop into an international model for other threatened urban heritage locations to emulate.

It is a gold feather added to the Filipino cap.

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  • John Carter

    If you are doing something ILLEGAL (squatters) should it be REWARDED or PUNISHED? 

    In reply to greenarcher02 comment to my post.

    1. “it’s not about following the rules either”. Rules and laws are there to govern a large swath of people. Kung hindi tayo susunod sa batas, at hindi ito dahil sa status o class, a country will descend into anarchy. Rules are there to make a stable society. Diyan pa lang sir, tagilid na ang argumento mo. Aanhin ang Constitution, Penal Code, etc. E kung hindi rin pala by the rules, e magkanya kanya na lang tayo.

    2. “It’s human nature to find something convenient”. Kaya maraming mahirap, hindi lamang sa Pilipinas kundi sa ibang bansa. Hindi convenience muna before you pay. Hindi rewards muna tapos hardwork. Mauuna ang pagsisikap at pagiging creative bago ang rewards. Hindi ho diploma muna, tapos saka ka mag aaral. Hindi ka magkakaroon ng impormasyon kung hindi mo muna ito hahanapin.

    3. “Here we are trying to give them a better choice of actually having a home (take note, THIS IS ALSO TO AVOID HAVING ANY MORE LAW BREAKERS), and you’re making statements that actually suggests you’re against it?” Kaya maraming umaasa na lang kaysa mag sumikap. Dahil sa katulad mo na nagaargumento na dahil mahirap, bibigyan ng libre. Hindi ho madaling mabuhay dahil kung tutuusin 1% lang ang talagang masasabing mayaman. Hindi ho ako kasama sa 1% na iyon.

    4. “This is not double standard, it’s called sympathizing”. Pag ang isang batas ay hindi applicable sa isang tao o grupo ng tao, double standard ho iyon. A double standard is the application of different sets of principles for similar situations, or to different people in the same situation. Ang sinasabi niyo ho ay isang double standard.

    5. ” Even if they don’t pay taxes, they are citizens. Lintik pagdadamot pa ba natin taxes natin?” Yes they are citizens pero may roon pong DESERVING citizens. Yan po ang mga taong laki sa hirap pero nagsusumikap na mag aral sa pampubliko at pribadong paaralan at binibigyan ng scholarship ng pribado at pampublikong institusyon. Yan ho ang hindi ko ipagdadamot at masasabi tamang pag gastos ng binabayad ko na buwis.

    6. “Give them a chance kung hindi ka selfish. Ano naman kung sila naka-libre? Buti nga ikaw may source of income”. They should give themselves a chance. Hindi po mang gagaling yan sa gubyerno o sa ibang tao. Marami ho ang nagtagumpay sa kahirapan. Bakit ho ang mga OFW na maid sa Singapore at Hong Kong nagawa ng halos walang kursong natapos? Paano pa kaya ang mga squatter na may option na mag aral at mag sikap sa pampublikong paaralan? Sila ang magbigay ng chance sa sarili nila dahil ang motibasyon ay nasa sa kanila wala ho sa ibang tao. Ano kung libre? Kaya maraming taong tamad. Dahil may mga tao na nag po-promote ng dependency imbes na self-reliance.

    7. “Palibhasa you weren’t born poor. Not born without a home. You were born with the convenience of a home already, malamang trabaho na agad susunod sa’yo” So nag conclude ka na agad at hinusgahan ang resulta bago man lang ang proseso. Magsasaka po ang lolo ko, ang tatay ko ay naglayas sa bahay at pumunta ng Manila ng walang bahay o kaibigan sa Manila. Nag aral ho sa public school ang tatay ko habang janitor sa gabi. Ayan ho ang simula ng buhay namin. Wala ho kaming bahay nung bata pa ako at palipat lipat at nangungupahan. Nag sikap rin ho ako mag aral at nakapag tapos at nabayaran ang utang na ginastos sa pampapaaral. Hindi sir excuse ang kahirapan para makuha ang pangarap. Lalong HINDI EXCUSE ang KAHIRAPAN para makakuha ng LIBRE. That rotten attitude ang dahilan kaya hindi umuunlad ang isang tao.

    8. “Lahat ng tao natuturuan. Kahit basurero. Problema, bigyan sila ng tamang sahod! Yung mabubuhay naman sila! Hindi dapat requirement ang degree just for a RIGHT paying job.” Lahat ng tao may kakayahang matututo. Tiis muna bago sarap. Ang unang sahod ko 5k isang buwan (2010), hindi sapat sa isang indibidwal lalo na sa isang pamilya. Yan ang REALIDAD ng Pilipinas.

    Ibabalik ko ulit sa unang punto ko sir isa lang po ang punto ko, they are “ILLEGALLY” residing in the property of a government or private entities. DOING SOMETHING ILLEGAL IS PUNISHABLE BY LAW and thus SHOULD NOT BE REWARDED. Yan lang ho, walang halong kung ano-ano dahil kapag hinahaluaan ng kung ano-ano humahaba lang ang usapan at nalulusaw ang original point of discussion.

    Yan lang naman e ang tanong at hindi mahaba ang usapan.Are they doing something Illegal? If yes, do they deserve do get rewards?

    Yan lang ho ang tanong sir, wag mo na pahabain. Kung gusto mo ng mahaba, ayan ho may 8 points of explanation.

    • greenarcher02

      Alam mo, it’s becoming close to being pointless to argue with you since you lack the ability to think. And arguments that break down a whole argument is stupid. You’re all taking them out of context.

      1. Hindi pinaguusapan dito ang paglabag sa batas. Stop convoluting my words. It’s not about the validity of the constitution. Stop being so stupidly ignorant. Sure they didn’t follow the rules, pero ano gagawin mo, ikulong silang lahat? Would you suggest to purge them? Siksikan na nga kulungan dadagdagan mo pa. Where’s your morality? They’re not being rewarded either. Marginalized portion sila. Like I’ve said, they don’t have a better choice. Do you mean to tell me you also condemn street children and other squatters?

      2. Kaya nga bibigyan ng chance ang mga taong to.You’re not even giving them a chance. Didn’t you read? It’s not just a home. Jobs would also be made. Common sense. Kaya nga uso training. Kahit mga graduate dyan, pagdating sa work, they still have to be trained. And again, OUT OF CONTEXT nakakairita ka na. This statement is in line with the fact that they aren’t given a better choice. Bibigyan na nga, gusto mo pa i-deprive. How I wish you’re in their position.

      3. You’re still part of the middle class and you’re considered privileged. May internet ka nga. Di mo lang ginagamit ng tama. And I am not making the argument na porket mahirap, libre. Sure mas may initial incentive sila kesa sa’yo, na may bahay agad sila. No, I’m saying they should be given a choice. GENERATE JOBS di mo ba nabasa yun? Are you so blinded di mo na nababasa yun? And the first thing to do is give them the choice. How? Help them first. Then teach them. Once they know these things, let them work. Then give them PROPER WAGES. Problema sa mga tao, wala silang tiwala sa kapwa nila porket mahirap.

      4. And to think you actually searched for the meaning of double standard to make an argument? Pathetic. Well ito wala sa wikipedia, but there’s a thin line between being unbiased and being outright cruel. Baon na sila, ibabaon mo pa. Let’s be fair, hindi naman issue dito paglabag nila sa batas. Issue dito is para di na nila ituloy yun. What do you propose aside from giving them special treatment? Paalisin mo sila wala rin yan pupuntahan. Tutal we are the privileged, bigyan na natin. And let me tell you the PERFECT example of double standard: guilty politicians. Always the special treatment. And alam mo ba? Ninakaw lang ng Cojuangco-Aquino’s ang Hacienda Luisita long before, and they haven’t even returned it yet. These are probably the same informal settlers na sinasabi mo na dapat ikulong.

      5. I’m sorry. Di ka talaga nagiisip. Hindi umaabot sa private schools ang tax natin. And it’s the government’s job to fund those public schools. UP? Why did they lower the budget then increase the tuition? It should be as cheap as possible. Alam mo bang maraming bata sa squatters ang actually may potential sa pag-aaral? But deprived of it dahil nagmamahal na tuition kahit sa so-called state university. And who are you to say that these squatters deserve to be in a state like that? Feeling mo deserving ka?

      6. Hindi mo alam estado ng mga squatters no? They don’t have any chance. Even if they wanted to send their children to school, they can’t sa sobrang hirap! Why can’t you UNDERSTAND that!? They need a head start! They need a push from the government, from us. They need investment! Wala na nga silang pangkain for days and you expect may pamasok sila? Nalululong sila sa kung anu-ano because they’re desperate. Remove the desperation and HELP THEM MAKE THE FIRST STEP then yes, saka lang sila magkaka-chance. You do not know the state of these people so stop arguing na may magagagawa naman sila kung gagawin nila. They can’t, I tell you. Know the facts first! Stop comparing them to the middle class! Stop saying na sila may kasalanan kasi most of the time, hindi. Umangat sa kahirapan? A lot of those had investments first. OFW? Wala nga sila pangkain you expect them to afford a plane?? Laughable ang stupidity mo. You cannot blame laziness with their state. Hindi lahat sila pinili yun. Mga labandera nyo baka di nyo naiisip pamilya nila squatters. And what you pay them, pangkain lang or better, pamasok ng mga anak. And you dare call them lazy? Hindi ko sinasabi lahat libre. But they have to be given a choice. They’re already so low they can’t give themselves that.

      7. And despite that fact you are still more privileged than them. Swerte tatay mo natanggap as janitor. And maswerte rin kayo may source of income lolo mo. And the fact na may paguutangan ang tatay mo. Alam mo mga squatters? Hindi lahat yan may paguutangan. WALANG-WALA yan. And trabaho yun ng government. You’re to superficial to see na ang payment is when they actually make it successful, and get a job, and PAY TAXES. Wala silang pangkain in the first place. Buti ka pa may pagkain. You are STILL PRIVILEGED. You had a home. Nakapag-upa pa. You weren’t living in the streets. Mga squatters na to, their only other choice is to live in the streets. Kasi WALANG-WALA na talaga. Wala na silang initial investment. Yung iba medyo swerte nakakapag-aral pa pero nauudlot na sa HS or college because it gets too expensive. Then the kids just work somewhere. Nagbebenta. Maybe ayan nga janitor. Pero that’s not enough for a home is it? Andami-dami unused properties dyan. Rich people owning multiple properties di naman nagagamit. What better way to utilize them than to give it to these people? For someone claiming to come for hard times, you lack sympathy. Of all people masmalapit ka sana sa nararanasan nila. Don’t become a snob porket nagawa mo na.

      8. Kuntento ka na sa realidad na yan? Hindi tamang sahod yan. Yan nga punto ko. Trabaho ng gobyerno mabigyan ng sapat na sahod ang isang indibidwal. Never accept that!

      Kulang nga explanation mo. Yes they are, but do they have a choice? It isn’t a simple yes or no. Kahit sa korte, kaya nga may trial. There are circumstances surrounding that “yes” or “no”. Mismong “no but they intend to” may consequences, and it’s different from simply saying “no”. Do not oversimplify the state of this country, and the state of its people. So what do you propose? Kulong sila? San mo dadalhin mga bata? Iiwan mo? Edi ganun din. Pagtanda nyan informal settlers parin. Ganda ng solution mo no? And this is not even a reward for what they’re doing. They’re given special treatment because they’re as good as being disabled.

      Punish them and nothing will happen. Give them a chance and something MIGHT happen. Choose. Papakulong mo sila at hahayaang mamatay, or tulungan sila umakyat hangga’t sa kaya na nila mag-isa? Ikaw mismo, pamilya mo mismo, gumamit ng iba para umangat. Nangutang kayo. Now that you’re up there you refuse to pull others up?

      It’s not about giving things for free either. Ako mismo, I refrain from giving money to street children. If i had the
      ability to do so, I’d place them in an institution rather than give
      change. And I’d rather give them food. At kaya nga andyan ang
      government. They should ensure that these children will be able to
      study. Give them a home. Give their parents proper jobs. Then let them
      study. Pag nagawa yan sa lahat, there wouldn’t be informal settlers
      anywhere. Bigyan mo lang initial investment. Anything needs an initial
      investment. And everything starts with a little spoon-feeding. It’s the
      way of life. Pagkapanganak mo marunong ka na ba agad? No, you were
      spoon-fed first. In their case, it came too late. And it’s hard and a little idealistic pero it’s better than banishing them without doing anything.

      • John Carter

        Nakakatuwa ho kayo at buti na lang na mas maraming nag aagree sakin kesa sa hindi.

        1. “Alam mo, it’s becoming close to being pointless to argue with you since you lack the ability to think. And arguments that break down a whole argument is stupid. You’re all taking them out of context.” Maganda po yan, kung talagang wala na talagang argument, mag AD HOMINEM na lang.

        2. “Hindi pinaguusapan dito ang paglabag sa batas” Look at my first post na nireplyan mo. Buti pa ang squatters nakakakuha ng libre. Squatters connote illegal settlers. The word ‘ILLEGAL” denotes violation of the LAWS. Now tell me kung hindi pinag uusapan ang batas diyan. You just chose to ignore it.

        3. “Kaya nga bibigyan ng chance ang mga taong to.You’re not even giving them a chance. Didn’t you read? It’s not just a home. Jobs would also be made. Common sense…” Kaya nga back to my original post. BUTI PA ANG SQUATTERS NAKAKAKUHA NG LIBRE. And THUS in black and white, ILLEGAL BEHAVIOR IS REWARDED. 

        4. ” And to think you actually searched for the meaning of double standard to make an argument? Pathetic…” So name calling ka na naman, pero since I’m a better person I won’t do the same. Bali ang ginawa mo nilagyan mo ng colorful words like cruel and unbiased. Hindi yan pinag uusapan when it comes to double standard. Dahil nag commit naman talaga ikaw ng double standard. And yes, Hacienda Luisita ay ganun din, that’s why it is being contested in the Courts. Whether sa mahirap o mayaman mayroong double standard, pero in clear case you committed one and you are injecting “cruel” and “unbiased” para matabunan to. Sorry man.

        5. “I’m sorry. Di ka talaga nagiisip. Hindi umaabot sa private schools ang tax natin.” Hindi ko sinabing umaabot sa private school at tax natin. Ang statement ko na ” Yan po ang mga taong laki sa hirap pero nagsusumikap na mag aral sa pampubliko at pribadong paaralan at binibigyan ng scholarship ng pribado at pampublikong institusyon” ay nag pepertain sa available sources na pwedeng i-grab ng mahihirap sa public at private institutions. Ang sumunod na sentence ay kadugtong ng unang sentence na ang deserving ng tax na binabayad ko at ang mga taong deserving na makakuha nito.

        6a. “Hindi mo alam estado ng mga squatters no? They don’t have any chance. Even if they wanted to send their children to school, they can’t sa sobrang hirap! Why can’t you UNDERSTAND that!? They need a head start!” Sabi ko nga, hindi excuse ang KAHIRAPAN para makuha ang mga PANGARAP. I think in here we agree to disagree.

        6b. ” Laughable ang stupidity mo”. Yan sir pumuntos ka na naman. Pero dahil level headed ako, hindi ko na sir ibabalik sayo ang namecalling mo. And judging from you handle e Taga La Salle ka, I hope and I know not all people from your school are like that.

        7. “And despite that fact you are still more privileged than them” Wala hong pribileheyo na binigay samin. Hindi ho kami nakarating sa ganitong stado ng pamumuhay gawa ng pribileheyo. Ito ang nakuha sa pag sisikap at diskarte. Hindi ito swerte lamang.

        8. “Kuntento ka na sa realidad na yan? Hindi tamang sahod yan”. Yan ang realidad. Third world country ang Pilipinas, hindi ito USA o UK na per ora ang sahuran. Hindi ho iyan nakukuha sa pag ra rally na ginagawa ng mga ka eskwela ko sa Philcoa. Kaya nga mayroong tinatawag na sideline at diskarte sa buhay.

        9. “Do not oversimplify the state of this country, and the state of its people.” Hindi ko ho ino-over simplify at bagkus ginagawa ko step by step. Kaya nga ho ang unang tanong sa pagnenegosyo o pagtatrabaho e, “LEGAL BA YAN?”, yan ho ang unang tanong sir. Ito ba ay legal? Tinanong ko lang ho ang unang tanong, LEGAL BA SILA SA LUPA NA KINATITIRIKAN NG KANILANG BAHAY? Hindi ho. KELANGAN BANG I-REWARD ANG GANTONG BEHAVIOR, SA AKIN HINDI. Again if you want to reward them, we agree to disagree.

        So sa reply ko ho wala ho akong ginawang name calling, hindi ko ho kayo tinawag na kung ano-ano dahil kahit na nagsimula ako sa pinakababa alam ko na may mga taong hindi mag-a-agree sa pananaw ko. Hindi ko ho kayo tinawag na “stupido” o “hindi nag iisip” o “hindi ginagamit ng tama” gaya ho ng CASUAL na pagtawag niyo sa akin. 

        Siguro ho sa pagbibigay ko ng premises at conclusion hindi ho ako kasing stupido ng iniisip niyo. Hindi rin ito epektib na pagkumbinse sa taong may ibang pananaw sa buhay.

        Bagkus, I will take the high ground and say sir, “WE AGREE TO DISAGREE.”

        End of discussion.

      • greenarcher02

        You might have noticed informal ang ginamit ng article and not actually illegal, right? Hindi rin usapin dito na basta squatter nakakakuha ng libre. It’s about being humane and giving them an actual chance. Kasi nga walang-wala na. Why can’t you understand that?

        Diba yun use ng Courts? Same with Hacienda Luisita, there should be a proper deliberation of the CIRCUMSTANCES surrounding the “crime”. Kaya nga valid reason ang “self defense”. It’s not a double standard.

        Again, who are you to decide who deserves it? You gave it to the government, let it go. Supposedly, sila mag-go-govern and they will use it as they see fit. And they should use it to move are society forward, not backwards na hamper ang development ng each individual. Di porket mahirap hahayaan mo nang ganun at kung anu-ano isisisi mo. Hindi nila kasalanan yun. Marami dun wala na talagang magawa. Di mo parin maintindihan? If you think they don’t deserve it then don’t pay taxes. Magtayo ka sarili mong society then judge everyone. Pag squatter, wag mo tulungan.

        “hindi excuse ang KAHIRAPAN para makuha ang mga PANGARAP”. It’s actually an excuse para HINDI makuha ang pangarap. Let’s say you were born with nothing. No home, no farm, hindi nakahanap ng trabaho tatay mo, di sya tinanggap no matter what he did, wala kayong napag-utangan, walang nagbibigay. NOTHING. Take note of that. BORN WITH NOTHING. So, now what? Di ka makakaupa. Walang kumupkop sa pamilya nyo. So you’re FORCED to live on the streets, or live on owned property. This makes your family a squatter. Your family is at a point of desperation na konting-konti lang nakukuha na income ng magulang mo sa random jobs. On the off-shot na pwede ka pag-aralin. They don’t have the luxury na umupa. Kahit san mapunta, wala. Napulot lang materials ng bahay nyo. On some days once a day lang kayo kumain. Given these things, pag nagkaron ng project to actually give you a free home para ma-focus ng parents mo ang pera sa pag-aaral mo, tutol ka pa at sisigaw ng double standard? Na dapat nakulong magulong mo in the first place? Pag-isipan mo sir. Hindi umiikot ang mundo sa’yo. Hindi ikaw ang prime example ng kahirapan. MASWERTE KA PARIN.

        Stop acting self-righteous. Sa views mo palang, you’re not, namecalling or not. It’s obvious. Ang twisted ng pag-iisip mo. So kung taga-lasalle ako, I’m actually farther away from the lives of these people pero mas nakakakuha pa sila ng sympathy galing sakin. What does that make you?

        “Wala hong pribileheyo na binigay samin.” You were privileged na may nagpautang sa inyo. Tapos. Mga squatters na yan? The only people willing to give them money right now is probably the government. Obviously ikaw hindi.

        Watch what you say. Diskarte sa buhay is the most selfish argument anyone can spew. It only focuses on YOURSELF. Di mo na inisip kapwa mo. Kung didiskarte ka buong buhay mo without thinking of the people around you, na naghihirap na sila wala ka ginagawa kasi di sakop ng diskarte mo, USER ka. WE SHAPE OUR OWN REALITY. We have the RIGHT to deny the “reality” imposed on us. Only problem is, money is the strongest weapon out there, kaya laging talo.

        And I said hindi sya reward. DISKARTE yan ng BANSA natin to make Intramuros a better place, and give these people a better place. It’s a win-win situation. Yan, your words. Lahat diskarte. Di lang ikaw may karapatang dumiskarte.

        Di ka na naawa sa kanila no? Porket skwarte ang baba na agad ng tingin mo sa kanila? UP ka pa man din. I can’t believe dumaan ka sa kahirapan. You’re looking down on your very origins.

        Yes I have every right to call you stupid, and you have that right too. You’re arguments are convoluted and akin to someone not thinking straight. Wala ka nga mabigay na alternate solution to this squatter problem. I’ll accept your views if you give me one. Otherwise, you are still WRONG.

      • John Carter

        Sorry man. Sabi ko nga, Hindi tayo magkakasundo sa bagay na yan. Kung di mo kayang arukin yun, e wala na akong magagawa.

        I will not stoop down to your level of namecalling. Kung dyan ka masaya, di ko pagkakait ang kasiyahan mo. LOL

        Well, I “respect” your opinion on the matter and your opinion of me. It’s high time to develop yours.

        Once again taga La Salle, We both disagree on the matter. And if you don’t know the meaning of agreeing to disagree, and I don’t know what plain words will convey that meaning.

        Hindi lahat ng tao na hindi kahanay ng iyong pag iisip ay mali. Yun lang ho. Hahaha

        You won’t ellicit a reply after this one because I know, deep in my heart, that you will reply to this message. Prove me that I’m right :D
        Go go go! LMFAO.

  • 1ncorruptus

    Intramuros should always have been regarded and upheld as sacrosanct by the Philippine government and the Filipino people. It holds a very deep meaning or significance in our nation’s existence and history. It is sad, but the lax and apathetic stance and the lack of proper appreciation of history and culture of the various successive local governments of Manila and national governments have brought Intramuros to the ugly, defaced, and forsaken state that it is in now. A demarcation should have been firmly established and enforced, inasmuch as Intramuros is our foremost historical enclave.  

    Would the authorities allow the informal settlers to invade the historical island of Corregidor, the former Clark Air Base, or the former Subic Naval Base? Intramuros holds a totally unique and impossible-to-be-paralleled significance than they do. It was the citadel and the nucleus of our beginning as a nation. The informal settlers could occupy the Dewey Boulevard, which is now called Roxas Boulevard, or any other places in our country, but not Intramuros. The first administration, after we were granted independence by the Americans on July 4, 1946, and the succeeding administrations should have sought the concerted efforts of the government, private entities, and the people to restore Intramuros to its original state. The government’s priorities, as well as those of the people’s, have been terribly misplaced. 

    We witness now another kind of devastation, which the senseless, idiotic, and reprehensible American bombings that reduced Intramuros, Malate, Ermita, historical buildings, bridges, rotundas, plazas, monuments, and other precious structures in other parts of Manila to rubbles.and utter ruins, had paved for. America should have been tasked with the rebuilding and restoration of Intramuros, if not of the numerous, massive structures and places that it destroyed in February 1945. America deprived us of our nation’s roots; of an actual, priceless glimpse of our past; and the precious, wonderful, and tangible vision of our national heritage and the start of the evolution of the Philippines as a nation and our identity as a people. 

    The restoration efforts of the Intramuros Administration, Gawad Kalinga, and the Aquino government are truly laudable. May they succeed in their zealous, patriotic endeavors.

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